Water point functionality
In 2016 the Government of Sierra Leone in partnership with the Water Sanitation Programme (WSP), UNICEF and UK Aid completed the mapping of 28,485 water points across the country . This provided useful data on the functionality of water points. The purpose of the WPM Data was to update the 2012 data and put in place mechanisms for the recurrent update of the WPM data once activities had taken place in the field. The WPM data provides an important foundation for water sector planning and strategy development.
Of the 28,485 points mapped 18,080 (62.7%) are technically functional, a further 4,148 (14.4%) were functional but partly damagedii, while 5,137 (17.8%) were recorded as broken down. Another 1,480 points that were still under construction at the time of the survey were also mapped. A key figure is the combined number of points that are either fully functional or at least without major damage.iii There are 20,284 of these in Sierra Leone, of which 18,908 (65.5% of the total) are actually used. These are referred to as “protected in-use points” below. The main reason that some protected points are not used is pollution i.e. users reporting that the water is unclean (e.g. cloudy, salty, rotten taste etc.).